The various types of Sewing Machines available today evolved from when they were first invented. Mechanical Sewing Machines were first on the scene, followed by many others that were faster and more flexible in their function, to save on manufacturers cost of sewing clothes and fabric. As the demand and supply increased, many different types of sewing machines evolved with time and technology. And looking at them today, one can easily say that sewing machines have been developed into smart machines that can easily understand design patterns automatically.
There are basically three type of home use of sewing machines and the serger:
- Mechanical Sewing Machines
- Electronic Sewing Machines
- Computerized Sewing Machines
Mechanical Sewing Machines:
When sewing machines were first introduced in the mid 1800s up to 1960s, all of them were mechanical. The early mechanical sewing machine bullet shaped bobbin case that acted much like a shuttle, though later on, a shuttle that oscillated was created. Modern sewing machines use a complete rotary system. Mechanical machines come in a variety of styles. Basic machines start with a simple straight stitch. Stepping up in features would add a zigzag stitch, while more decorative stitches were available on the high end models which gained popularity in those early days of mechanical sewing machines.
Electronic Sewing Machines:
Although Mechanical Sewing Machines were quite popular in many households during the twentieth century, the 1970s brought along a great amount of changes with the Electronic Sewing Machines. These machines included all the features included in the Mechanical Sewing Machine and much more. The Electronic Sewing Machines works on the mechanism of electrical impulse literally shooting and returning needle to place it in proper area to coincide with the feeding mechanism that pushes the cloth through the machines and create patterns. This method replaced the pull and push methods used in Mechanical Machines.
Computerized Sewing Machines:
These machines are the most advanced of all. A computer sewing machine will also have a microprocessor, in addition to basic stepper motor and needle set up. This microprocessor allows computerized machine to accept new information, usually in the card form and create the patterns that are loaded on that particular card. This enables them to create decorative stitch work and embroidery. Computer Machine can work like mechanical machines or they can be set up to create designs that are automatically generated by the program without any guiding material. All you have to do is decide where you want the pattern and the machine will do everything automatically. These machines are pretty advanced as compared to their counterparts, as in they will stop for every color changes in the pattern and automatically trim the thread when finished.
Then there are sergers. Serger machines, also called overlockers or merrows, are considered finishing machines. Their function is to cut and finish the edge of the material to give the material a finished look. A serger should not be used to create a whole cloth, but it can be used to as a way to finish it.